## Publication 54

*Objective Quasicontinuum Approach for Rod Problems*

##### Authors:

##### Abstract:

An objective quasicontinuum (OQC) method is developed for simulating rodlike systems that can be represented as a combination of locally objective structures. An objective structure (OS) is one for which a group of atoms, called a "fundamental domain" (FD), is repeated using specific rules of translation and rotation to build a more complex structure. An objective Cauchy-Born rule defines the kinematics of the OS atoms in terms of a set of symmetry parameters and the positions of the FD atoms. The computational advantage lies in the capability of representing a large system of atoms through a small set of symmetry parameters and FD atom positions. As an illustrative example, we consider the deformation of a copper single-crystal nanobeam which can be described as an OS. OQC simulations are performed for uniform and nonuniform bending for two different orientations (nanobeam axis oriented along [111] and [100]) and compared with elastica results. In the uniform bending case, the [111]-oriented single-crystal nanobeam experiences elongation, while the [100]-oriented nanobeam experiences contraction in total length. The nonuniform bending allows for stretching, contraction, and bending as deformation. Under certain loading conditions, dislocation nucleation is observed.##### Get the paper in its entirety

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